Anti-Seizure Medications and the Risk for Gum Overgrowth in Children

Dec 12, 19 Anti-Seizure Medications and the Risk for Gum Overgrowth in Children

If your child has been diagnosed with epilepsy or another seizure disorder, then the pediatrician may have prescribed anti-seizure medications. These drugs can cause fatigue, sleepiness, dizziness, and blurred vision in some children, but they can also cause oral symptoms. One common oral side effect from anti-seizure medications is gum overgrowth. Here are some symptoms and treatment options for gum overgrowth.


Gum overgrowth is also known as gingival hyperplasia. It causes gums to grow over the tops of your child’s teeth. The gums also become thick and often grow in between the spaces of the teeth. The gums are often dark red and painful and may bleed without any provocation. Also, your child may notice a bad taste in his or her mouth. This may be the result of a purulent gum infection.

Purulent refers to an infection that is associated with pus formation. In addition to the physical symptoms, your child may experience severe self-esteem problems resulting in social isolation and poor grades at school. Because of this, it is essential that you make an appointment with a dentist in Andersonville. He or she will examine your child’s teeth and gums and then recommend an effective treatment plan.


Your child’s pediatrician may lower the dosage of the anti-seizure medication. Gum overgrowth is more common in children who take high doses of anti-seizure medication. Lowering the dosage may slow the progression of gum hyperplasia.

Also, your child’s dentist in Andersonville may prescribe an anti-microbial mouthwash to treat oral infections. The dentist will also recommend that your child come in for frequent check-ups and professional cleanings. If conservative treatment options are not working, the dentist may recommend gum surgery.

If your child has gum overgrowth as a result of taking anti-seizure medication, contact Northalsted Dental Spa or stop by our website at

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